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Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections

In Switzerland today, syphilis and HIV are among the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs or STIs). in the last few years the number of syphilis cases has again started to rise. This could be due to heightened travel activity, for instance to Asian countries, as well as – given contemporary treatment options for HIV – to the somewhat careless behaviors concerning the transmission of HIV infection.

Symptoms

Open sores in the genital area, dysuria, purulent discharge from genitalia or urethra.


Diagnosis

Next to clinical examination based on symptoms, laboratory testing is critical in order to diagnose the precise cause of infection. It is the basis for determining appropriate antibiotic therapy.


Treatment

Depending on lab results, appropriate, usually antibiotic, therapy is selected. For additionals information please refer to the section on  syphillis serology and STI/molecular biology.

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